“Isolated to scattered rainfall/snowfall over Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and isolated rain/thundershowers over adjoining plains of Northwest India during December 27 and 28," it said. Zeenews.com use cookies and other technologies to store information in your web browser or on your mobile phone, tablet, computer, or other devices (collectively "devices") that allow us to store and receive certain pieces of information whenever you use or interact with our zeenews.india.com applications and sites. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. Both have their own similarities and differences. The State of Bilaspur was merged into Himachal Pradesh on 1 July 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954. The participation of women in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the nation. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. [11] According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India's least corrupt state. The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. Owing to its weather conditions, location, soil laden with minerals, and the utilization of organic manure by the local farmers, fruits of Himachali Pradesh are different from the rest of India. [101] Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. the thermometer goes up to 63°F°C and it … Popular for Dalai Lama's residence, Dharamshala in Himachal Pradesh is a Tibetan settlement. The Assembly is unicameral with 68 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). Similar pattern could continue in week 2, but with slight warming of days, as compared to week 1. [84] Some roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and landslides. [60] Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 11:59. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. These cookie are essential to our site in order to enable you to move around it and to use its features. In parts of the state there are speakers of Tibeto-Burman languages like Kinnauri (1.2%), Tibetan (0.3%), Lahauli (0.16%), Pattani (0.12%), Bhoti Kinnauri, Chitkuli Kinnauri, Bunan (or Gahri), Jangshung, Kanashi, Shumcho, Spiti Bhoti, Sunam, Tinani, and Tukpa. The data collected by the sites and/or through Cookies that may be placed on your computer will not be kept for longer than is necessary to fulfil the purposes mentioned above. [60] The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. [15] The Kols and Mundas are believed to be the original inhabitants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas. IMD weather update: Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir to Tamil Nadu and Kerala, see what lies in store for you IMD weather update: An active … The governor is the head of state appointed by the President of India. These cookies permit us to "remember you” in-between visits. The earthquake struck at … [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. The best of which can be found in Mcleodganj and Dharamshala. state centre on climate change (himachal pradesh) dr. s. s. randhawa sr. scientific officer shubra randhawa scientific professional ishant rai project associate 2015 seasonal, monthly and annual rainfall trends in himachal pradesh during1901-2002 rainfall trend hp s t … [28], Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird,[29] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species. Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[131]. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. [90] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. We also use cookies to administer our sites and for research purposes, zeenews.india.com also has contracted with third-party service providers to track and analyse statistical usage and volume information from our site users. A cookie is a small text file that can be stored on and accessed from your device when you visit one of our sites, to the extent you agree. Thanks for A2A. [73] Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. [128] The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. [80][81][82], Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. This cookie policy should be read together with our Privacy Policy. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. [101] Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. Also, get the weather and season trend for cities of Himachal pradesh along with latest weather news and updates. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. [59], Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of five lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes. [111][112] The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. Please note that if your browser setting is already setup to block all cookies (including strictly necessary Cookies) you may not be able to access or use all or parts or functionalities of our sites. Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh's Keylong records minus 1.9 degrees. Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. If you have any other questions about our Cookie Policy, please contact us at: Its advantages? [15] Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. If you want to remove previously-stored cookies, you can manually delete the cookies at any time from your browser settings. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. [122] In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. Classification Count Köppen-Geiger Examples; Humid subtropical climate: 409: Cfa: Mandi, Kulu, Manali, Chamba, Dharamsala: It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.[36]. [23] Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. The state government officials of the Himachal Pradesh have also begun surveying the areas in the vicinity of the lake to ascertain if the virus has also transmitted into the poultry birds. Classifications. You may refuse to accept browser Cookies by activating the appropriate setting on your browser. [117] Non-vegetarian food is more preferred and accepted in Himachal Pradesh than elsewhere in India, partly due to the scarcity of fresh vegetables on the hilly terrain of the state. Weather today: Hills overlooking Manali, Himachal Pradesh wrapped in snow The temperatures remained below the freezing point at most places in the state after widespread rain and snow, said the official, adding it is likely to snow across the state till Saturday. There is no probability of cyclogenesis over north Indian Ocean during week 1 and week 2. Locally, it is called the Land of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities. Malayalam superstar Manju Warrier and her film crew were among those stranded in Himachal Pradesh as flash floods and landslides blocked … It has only 0.57 per cent of India's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent. These cookies let us operate the sites in accordance with the choices you make. [120] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. The State itself is a post-independence creation. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. [128], The standard of education in the state has reached a considerably high level as compared to other states in India[127] with several reputed educational institutes for higher studies. [9], Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. (HPMC) is a state body that markets fresh and processed fruits. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. The state was declared India's second open-defecation-free state in 2016. Minimum temperatures likely to above normal by 2-4°C over central India and northeastern states during week 2. [50] More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. Some features used on this website may involve a cookie being sent to your computer by a third party. [116] The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. For example, these cookies track what content are most frequently visited, your viewing history and from what locations our visitors come from. [86], Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. [61][62] In 2011–12, the total area under apple cultivation was 104,000 hectares, increased from 90,347 hectares in 2000–01. Western Pahari languages also known as Himachali languages are widely spoken in the state. 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